Sheikh Mountains of Somaliland
The country has a republican form of government. The legislative assembly
is composed of two chambers - an elected elder's chamber, and a house of representatives.
An elected President and an elected Vice-president head the government.
The President nominates the cabinet which is approved by the legislature. There is an independent judiciary. The country has three political parties. i.e UDUB Party, Kulmiye Party and UCID party.
The current President of the Republic is H.E Dahir Riyale Kahin and the vice-president is H.E Ahmed Yusuf Yasin of UDUB party who were elected on April 2003 for a five year term. The term of the current government ends in early 2009.
The president of Somaliland is an executive head of state: the president functions as both head of state and head of government. There is no prime minister.
Presidents of Somaliland (1991-Present)
|Name||Term start||Term end||Political Party|
|Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur||28 May 1991||16 May 1993||Somali National Movemen|
|Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal||16 May 1993||3 May 2002||Somali National Movement (until 2001), United Peoples' Democratic Party (from 2001)|
|Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur||3 May 2002||United Peoples' Democratic Party|
|Summary of the 14 April 2003 Somaliland presidential election results|
|Candidates - Nominating parties||Votes||%|
|Dahir Riyale Kahin - For Unity, Democracy, and Independence||205,595||42.08|
|Ahmed M. Mahamoud Silanyo - Peace, Unity, and Development Party||205,515||42.07|
|Faysal Cali Warabe - For Justice and Development||77,433||15.85|
ExecutiveSystem of government The Executive body of the government is the President, Vice President, and legislative government; a bicameral Legislature; and an independent judiciary.
LegislativeThe Constitution of Somaliland was adopted by the Houses of the Parliament of Somaliland on 30 April 2000. The constitution was approved in a referendum held on May 31, 2001 when 97% of the voters voted in its favour. Its re-published version consists of a Preamble (Arar) and five main chapters (Qaybo) each of which is sub-divided into Parts (Xubno). There is now a total of 130 Articles (Qodobo) as compared to the previous 156 Articles.
House of Elders of SomalilandThe Parliament of Somaliland (Baarlamaanka) has two chambers. The upper house is the House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida). It will have 82 members, representing traditional leaders. The traditional Somali elders (guurti) was incorporated into the governance structure and formed the upper house, responsible for managing internal conflicts.
House of RepresentativeThe House of Representatives of Somaliland (Golaha Wakiilada) is the self-declared, breakaway republic's lower house. The current House of Representatives, formed following elections held on 29 September 2005, has a total of 82 members including the Speaker of the House, Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi. They are elected in six multi-member constituencies using the party-list proportional representation system for a five year term.
|Summary of the 28 September 2005 House of Representatives of Somaliland election results|
|UDUB For Unity, Democracy, and Independence||261,449||39.0||33|
|KULMIYE Peace, Unity, and Development Party||228,328||34.1||28|
|UCID For Justice and Development||180,545||26.9||21|
|Total votes cast||674,907|